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BORIS SRESNEVSKY
CENTRAL GEOPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY

THE STATE EMERGENCY SERVICE OF UKRAINE

WAS FOUNDED IN 1855

Diploma of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
Diploma of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
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BORIS SRESNEVSKY
CENTRAL GEOPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY

THE STATE EMERGENCY SERVICE OF UKRAINE

WAS FOUNDED IN 1855

Diploma of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
Diploma of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine

M Yahotyn

 

Meteorological station Yahotyn (Yagotyn)

68 Tolbukhina St., Yagotyn, 07700, tel/fax (04575) 5-17-33

 Яготин1

        

  The Yahotyn weather station was organized in 1924, and the meteorological observation database has been maintained since 1943.
The station is a category II station, part of the main observation network, and the information is exchanged internationally and interstate.
The Yagotyn weather station conducts 8 times a day observations of air temperature and humidity, soil surface temperature, atmospheric pressure, precipitation, cloud cover, wind (maximum speed, average speed, direction), atmospheric phenomena, visibility range, soil temperature at depths of 5, 10, 15, 20 cm (in the warm season). Observations are also made on the height and density of the snow cover, water reserves in the snow, ice crust and ice and frost phenomena, and groundwater levels. Since May 01, 2014, the observation of precipitation intensity (pluviograph) has been carried out.
Since December 14, 2020, observations of air temperature and humidity, soil temperature and at depths of 5, 10, 15 and 20 cm in the bare area have been carried out using electronic sensors.
Soil samples are taken annually to determine the residual amount of pesticides.
   In the agrometeorological section of the work, the station monitors the main crops sown on the farm of Yagotynska Agrofirma LLC. Observations are made of the developmental stages of winter wheat, corn, soybeans, as well as cabbage, tomatoes, potatoes, fruit trees (apple, pear, cherry, apricot), and mountain ash. The monitoring of sugar beet has been discontinued since 2008 (the sugar plant was shut down and no beets are sown).
   Moisture reserves are determined under winter wheat, spring barley, corn, soybeans, and in the fall and spring, additional moisture reserves are determined for winter rye. We also monitor the moisture content of the topsoil, weed infestation, measure crop height and density, assess crop condition, and determine damage to crops caused by weather conditions, diseases, and pests. The elements of productivity and the structure of the grain harvest are determined. Agrometeorological forecasts are made: moisture reserves at the beginning of spring field work, flowering of fruit crops, timing of corn panicle ejection, maturity of early spring crops, maturity of winter crops, timing of milky-wax ripeness of corn grain, and average regional winter crop yields. Winter and perennial grasses are surveyed in the fall, spring and winter. We measure the temperature at the depth of the tillering node of winter crops, soil freezing, snow depth, density, and the presence of ice crust on the field with winter crops.
   Based on the weather station's observations, the agriculture department draws up a comprehensive schedule of meteorological elements (average air temperature for the ten-day period, precipitation and moisture reserves in the soil under winter crops) in the weather window, and issues a ten-day bulletin.

When weather conditions deteriorate, the station's employees send storm telegrams to the UkrGMC.
The staff of the station consists of 7 employees: 5 technicians, an agricultural technician and a station manager.
The staff is fully staffed.

Heads of the meteorological station:

1943 - 1946 - Ivan Volodymyrovych Nefed.
1946 - 1947 - Ivan Pavlovich Dolgushin.
1947 - 1949 - Ilya Pavlovych Chvertkov.
10.10.1949 - 22.12.1951 - Yukhym Danylovych Yakuba.
22.12.1951 - 21.10.1960 - Ilya Pavlovych Chvertkov.
October 21, 1960 - July 15, 1963 - Vasyl Dmytrovych Ponomarenko.
July 15, 1963 - May 12, 1964 - Lidia Ovcharenko.
12.05.1964 - 1.07.1967 - Ilya Hryhorovych Saifulin.
July 1, 1967 - September 5, 1977 - Mykhailo Dmytrovych Yakubiak.
5.09.1977 - 20.04.1979 - Valentyna Chuvasheva.
3 On April 20, 1979, Tetiana Pavlenko became the head of the station.

The Sectoral State Archive of Hydrometeorological Observations contains data of meteorological observations of the station since 1941.

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